Children's Environmental Health: Risks and Remedies

Image from Unsplash

Image from Unsplash

Post By: Willow Hill, Upstream Research Director of Marketing

The following is an excerpt from the Population Reference Bureau, an article titeled Children's Environmental Health: Risks and Remedies by Liz Creel. A great read for any parent.  

 

"Due to their size, physiology, and behavior, children are more vulnerable than adults to environmental hazards. Children are more heavily exposed to toxins in proportion to their body weight, and have more years of life ahead of them in which they may suffer long-term effects from early exposure. 

Perinatal conditions, which can be influenced by environmental conditions, cause 20 percent of deaths worldwide in children under age 5.4 Furthermore, fetal exposure to chemicals such as lead increases a child's chances of having brain damage or developmental problems. Children at all ages, not just the very young, are at greater risk than adults. Children under age 5 breathe more air, drink more water, and eat more food per unit of body weight than adults do, so they may experience higher rates of exposure to pathogens and pollutants.

Typical childhood behaviors, such as crawling and putting objects in the mouth, can also lead to increased risks. Children between ages 5 and 18 may face higher risks of injuries, including exposure to hazardous chemicals, due to their growing participation in household chores and work outside of the home. Many school-age children attend schools without sanitation facilities, making them more likely to contract various diseases and less likely to go to school." 

 

Sources: 

http://www.prb.org/Publications/Reports/2002/ChildrensEnvironmentalHealthRisksandRemedies.aspx

 

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